Categories

Akc akita

akc akita

Previous UKC & AKC Breed Standards - First Side-by-Side Comparison

Akita Breed Standard

American Kennel Club - Working Group

Approved Dec. 12, 1972

History

The Akita is one of Seven Breeds designated as a National Monument in his native country of Japan. Bred as a versatile hunting dog in the rugged mountains of Northern Japan, the breed is a wonderful combination of dignity with good nature, alert courage and docility.

There is a spiritual significance attached to the Akita. In Japan they are affectionately regarded as loyal companions and pets, protectors of the home and a symbol of good health, when a child is born, the proud family will usually receive a small statue of an Akita signifying health, happiness, and a long-life. If a person is ill, friends will send a small statue of an Akita to express their wish for a speedy recovery.

The renowned Helen Keller is credited with bringing the first Akita into the United States in 1937. The breed's popularity in the United States following World War II may be attributed to American servicemen of the occupational forces, who so admired the noble dogs that they took them home to their families. They were attracted to the Akita because of the breed's intelligence and adaptability to different situations.

General Appearance

Large, powerful, alert, with much substance and heavy bone. The broad head, forming a blunt triangle, with deep muzzle, small eyes and erect ears carried forward in line with back of neck, is characteristic of the breed. The large, curled tail, balancing the broad head, is also characteristic of the breed.

Head - Massive but in balance with body; free of wrinkle when at ease. Skull flat between ears and broad; jaws square and powerful with minimal dewlap. Head forms a blunt triangle when viewed from above. Fault - Narrow or snipy head.

Muzzle - Broad and full. Distance from nose to stop is to distance from stop to occiput as 2 is to 3.

Stop - Well defined, but not too abrupt. A shallow furrow extends well up forehead.

Nose - Broad and black. Liver permitted on white Akitas, but black always preferred. Disqualification - Butterfly nose or total lack of pigmentation on nose.

Ears - The ears of the Akita are characteristic of the breed. They are strongly erect and small in relation to rest of head. If ear is folded forward for measuring length, tip will touch upper eye rim. Ears are triangular, slightly rounded at tip, wide at base, set wide on head but not too low, and carried slightly forward over eyes in line with back of neck. Disqualification - Drop or broken ears.

Eyes - Dark brown, small, deep-set and triangular in shape. Eye rims black and tight.

Lips and Tongue - Lips black and not pendulous; tongue pink.

Teeth - Strong with scissors bite preferred, but level bite acceptable. Disqualification - Noticeably undershot or overshot.

Neck - Thick and muscular; comparatively short, widening gradually toward shoulders. A pronounced crest blends in with base of skull.

Body - Longer than high, as 10 is to 9 in males; 11 to 9 in bitches. Chest wide and deep; depth of chest is one-half height of dog at shoulder. Ribs well sprung, brisket well developed. Level back with firmly-muscled loin and moderate tuck-up. Skin pliant but not loose. Serious Faults - Light bone, rangy body.

Tail - Large and full, set high and carried over back or against flank in a three-quarter, full, or double curl, always dipping to or below level of back. On a three-quarter curl, tip drops well down flank. Root large and strong. Tail bone reaches hock when let down. Hair coarse, straight and full, with no appearance of a plume. Disqualification - Sickle or uncurled tail.

Forequarters - Shoulders strong and powerful with moderate layback. Forelegs heavy-boned and straight as viewed from front. Angle of pastern 15 degrees forward from vertical. Faults - Elbows in or out, loose shoulders.

Hindquarters - Width, muscular development and bone comparable to forequarters. Upper thighs well developed. Stifle moderately bent and hocks well let down, turning neither in nor out.

Dewclaws - On front legs generally not removed; dewclaws on hind legs generally removed.

Feet - Cat feet, well knuckled up with thick pads. Feet straight ahead.

Coat - Double-coated. Undercoat thick, soft, dense and shorter than outer coat. Outer coat straight, harsh and standing somewhat off body. Hair on head, legs and ears short. Length of hair at withers and rump approximately two inches, which is slightly longer than on rest of body, except tail, where coat is longest and most profuse. Fault - Any indication of ruff or feathering.

Color - Any color including white; brindle; or pinto. Colors are brilliant and clear and markings are well balanced, with or without mask or blaze. White Akitas have no mask. Pinto has a white background with large, evenly placed patches covering head and more than one-third of body. Undercoat may be a different color from outer coat.

Gait - Brisk and powerful with strides of moderate length. Back remains strong, firm and level. Rear legs move in line with front legs.

Size - Males 26 to 28 inches at the withers; bitches 24

to 26 inches. Disqualification - dogs under 25 inches; bitches under 23 inches.

Temperament - Alert and responsive, dignified and courageous. Aggressive toward other dogs.

Disqualifications - Butterfly nose or total lack of pigmentation on nose. Drop or broken ears. Noticeably undershot or overshot. Sickle or uncurled tail. Dogs under 25 inches; bitches under 23 inches.

Akita Breed Standard

United Kennel Club - Northern Breed Group

Recognized in 1980

History

The Akita is the largest of Japan's native breeds, medium (Kai, Kishu, Ainu, Shikoku) and small (Shiba). It is a member of the Spitz family. The breed goes back many centuries to the polar regions. The Akita was originally bred as a fighting dog. The nobility later found alternate uses for the breed, such as hunting deer, boar or even black bear.

General Appearance

A large dog of the Spitz family, heavy bones, broad head, double coated, tail carried over the back, in any color.

Characteristics

Often aggressive toward other dogs and will defend its territory against animals and humans. He is a good companion and guardian. Robust, needing firm discipline. He can be obstinate. Once he understands, he is quite cooperative. Hardy, can withstand extremes in climates.

Head and Skull

Massive, but in balance with the body. Skull flat between the ears, and broad. Jaws square and powerful, with minimal dewlap. Head forms a blunt triangle when viewed from above. Muzzle is broad and full. Distance from nose to stop is to the distance from stop to occiput, as 2 to 3. Stop is well defined, but not too abrupt. A shallow furrow extends well up to the forehead.

Teeth - A full compliment of strong white teeth meeting in a scissors bite is preferred, but level bite is acceptable. Disqualification: Excessive overshot or undershot bite.

Eyes - Dark brown, small, deep set and triangular in shape. Eye rims black and tight. Disqualifications: Excessive entropion or ectropion.

Nose - Black and broad. Liver permitted on white Akitas, but black is preferred. Lips black and not pendulous. Tongue pink. Disqualifications: Pink noses, eyelids, or rims, butterfly nose.

Ears - Held strongly erect and small in relation to the rest of the head. If folded forward the tip can reach to the upper eye rim. Triangular shaped, slightly rounded at tip, wide at base, set wide on head but not too low. Disqualifications: Drop or broken ears. Deafness.

Neck - Muscular and thick, comparatively short, widening gradually toward shoulders. A pronounced crest blends in with base of skull.

Forequarters - Shoulders strong and powerful, with moderate layback.

Forelegs - Forelegs are heavily boned, and straight when viewed from the front. Angle of pastern is 15 degrees forward from vertical. Faults: Elbows in or out. Loose shoulders.

Body - Longer than high, as 10 to 9 in males, 11 to 9 in females. Chest wide and deep. Depth of chest is one half the height of the dog at the shoulders. Ribs well sprung, brisket well developed. Level back with firmly-muscled loin and moderate tuck-up. Skin pliant but not loose. Serious faults: Light bond. Rangy body.

Hindquarters - Upper thigh well developed and powerful. Muscular development and bone comparable to forequarters.

Hind Legs - Hocks less angular than many breeds, 145 to 160 degrees. Stifle moderately bent and well let down, turning neither in nor out.

Feet - Cat like, well knuckled up, with thick pads. Feet straight.

Dewclaws - on front legs generally not removed but on hind legs generally removed.

Tail - Large and full, set high and carried over back or against flank in a three-quarter, full or double curl, always dipping to or below level of back. Large root and strong. Tail bone reaches hock with let down. Hair coarse, straight and full, with no appearance of a plume. Disqualifications: Uncurled or sickle tail.

Coat - Double-coated. Undercoat thick, soft dense. Outer coat straight, harsh and standing somewhat off body. Hair on head, legs and ears short. Length of hair at withers and rump approximately two inches, which is slightly longer than on rest of body, except on tail, where coat is longest and most profuse. Disqualification: Altering of coat or general appearance by clipping or scissoring.

Color - Any color including white. Colors are brilliant and clear, and markings are well balanced, with or without mask or blaze. White Akitas have no mask. Pintos have a white background with large, evenly-placed patches covering head and more than one-third of body. Undercoat may be different color than outer coat.

Height and Weight - Males, 26 to 28 inches at withers. Females, 24 to 26 inches. Weight in proportion to dog's height. Disqualification: Adult males under 25 inches or females under 23 inches.

Gait - Brisk and powerful strides of moderate length. Back remains firm, strong and level. Rear legs move in line with front legs.

Disqualifications - Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Excessive overshot or undershot bite. Pink noses, eyelids, or rims, butterfly nose. Excessive entropion or ectropion. Drop or broken ears. Uncurled or sickle tail. Altering of coat or general appearance by clipping or scissoring. Albinism. Adult males under 25 inches or females under 23 inches. Deafness.

Source: thedogplace.org
Category: Akita

Similar articles: